EFFECTIVENESS OF TAPING ON DYNAMIC POSTURAL STABILITY IN ATHLETES WITH CHRONIC LATERAL ANKLE SPRAIN: A RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIAL
Keywords:Dynamic stability, Functional instability, Lateral ankle strain, Postural control, Tapping
Introduction: The lateral ankle sprain (LAS) is a common injury sustained by athletes. The majority of individuals who undergo LAS develop chronic ankle instability (CAI) as a result of long-term symptoms. The ankle joint can be protected and strengthened with ankle taping to prevent further musculoskeletal issues. This study aimed to investigate effectiveness of tapping on dynamic stability in athletes with chronic lateral ankle sprain.
Material & Methods: Sixty-four participants 64 participants into two groups based on a computer-generated random method. Fibular repositioning taping (FRT) was applied in group A, whereas Kinesio Tape (KT) was applied in group B. Pre-tape assessment used as baseline measurement and taken immediately before tape application. Post taping assessment done after 1 hour & 24 hours while tape still in place. Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT), Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT) and Foot & Ankle disability Index (FADI) were used to evaluate dynamic stability and functional instability respectively. In each direction 3 practice trials were performed by each participant before taking test measurement.
Results: No improvements in postural control were noted with fibular re-positional tape with either rigid or elastic application. Both non elastic and KT tape improved perceived stability but rigid tape served better than KT.
Conclusion: This study concluded that both fibular re-positional tape with rigid and Kinesio application did not immediately improve postural control in CAI participants. However fibular re-positional rigid tape improves perceived stability more than Kinesio tape over 24 hours.