FREQUENCY AND PATTERN OF MUSCULOSKELETAL LIMB DEFECTS AMONG CHILDREN IN PESHAWAR DISTRICT
Keywords:Prevalence, Neck pain, Computer users, Undergraduate Students
Introduction: Congenital defects are structural, behavioral, metabolic, and functional disorders present at the time of birth. However, the symptoms of some of these defects may not be clear until late childhood or adulthood. It consists of different categories of disorders, malformations, deformities, and association syndrome. This disorder is common from genetic anomalies and disregard for the developing fetus. The different prevalence of this disorder can be explained by racial, ethnic, socio-cultural, and economic differences between different countries.
Material & Methods: This study was a retrospective cross-sectional study. The secondary data was collected from the LRH and AKI. The sampling technique used in this study was convenience sampling. 5175 cases were recruited in this study. The sample size was not applicable because of the secondary data. The data was organized into a spreadsheet based on the type of variable using the Excel program and analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS).
Results: The overall frequency of congenital MSK limb defects was 157 per 5175 cases. Males were more affected 104(66.2%) than the females 53(33.8%) in the given data. Lower limb defects were more common than upper limb defects. Among the pattern of congenital limb defects, congenital talipes equinovarus was the most frequent defect observed and males were more affected as compared to females.
Conclusion: The current study concluded that Frequencies of congenital musculoskeletal limb defects were observed in 157 of 5175 live births in Peshawar district during 2015-2017.
Keywords: Computer Users, Neck Pain, Prevalence, Undergraduate Students