VARIABILITY OF EMOTIONAL QUOTIENT AMONG MALE AND FEMALE MEDICAL STUDENTS OF PUNJAB: A COMPARATIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
Introduction: Emotional Quotient (E.Q) is the capacity of the individuals to concede their own emotions, discriminate between various feelings and label them, make use of emotional information to guide thinking and attune the emotions to adopt environment. All researches proved the difference of EQ between males and females. Females are considered cooperative and expressive. Meanwhile, males are considered independent and instrumental.
Material & Methods: A comparative cross-sectional study was directed on 566 students of different medical colleges of Punjab, Pakistan. The data was collected through a validated questionnaire containing sections of consent, demographic data and the questions for E.Q based on emotional intelligence scale (EIS). This questionnaire was shared in the google form among medical students out of which 566 completed their form and came under the inclusion criteria of our study. The data analysis was done by using SPSS v22.0. Results were recorded through independent T test.
Results: On result analysis, we found that males scored higher in most variables of EQ than females. Males had more self-awareness, empathy, emotional stability, self-motivation and can manage relation well with p-value of 0.011, 0.004, 0.01, 0.365 and 0.205 respectively. Females were on higher side concerning integrity and value orientation with p-value of 0.483 and 0.395 respectively which was not statistically significant. Females also prevailed in altruistic behaviour and fulfilling commitment with p-value of 0.008 and 0.036 respectively.
Conclusion: Males were having higher emotional quotient than females.
Key Words: Altruistic behaviour, Commitment, Emotional Quotient, Empathy, Self-awareness, Self-development, Value-orientation.