Improving nurses' knowledge of bedsore prevention using informative pamphlets
Introduction: Decubitus ulcer or bedsore has significant value in health care system, especially in tertiary care hospitals, where patients are admitted for days, months and even years. It is a common problem among hospitalized and more specifically bedridden patients that increase both the hospital stay and suffering of the patients. The primary care provider has a significant role in preventing patients from developing bedsore and recovering from it, if they have already developed it. Therefore, the objective of this study was to improve the knowledge of nurses regarding bedsore prevention using informative pamphlets.
Materials & Methods: This was a Quasi experimental study conducted on the nurses of two tertiary care hospitals of Peshawar, in the duration of 6 months. A total of 109 participants were selected from public and private hospitals by means of convenience sampling. An adopted questionnaire was used for recording pre and post test data. Informative pamphlets regarding bedsore prevention were translated in the local language and were distributed. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 25. Mean and standard deviations were calculated for independent variables. In inferential statistics, paired t-test was used to assess significance of the results within the group. Chi square test was used to find out the association among variables.
Results: Out of 109 participants, 61 (56%) were females and 48 (44%) were males with a mean age of 26 ± 3.9 year. The pre test score was 9.59 ± 1.49, while post-test was 16.7 ± 2.24 with a p-value of 0.001 signifying the improvement within the groups.
Conclusion: This study concluded that different educational sessions regarding basic nursing procedures are very productive. Nursing management shall develop pamphlet in local language related to different nursing procedures and make it available at nursing counters, which will help the nurses to read and memorize the standards of nursing procedures easily.