KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF DENTAL PRACTITIONERS REGARDING ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTION

Authors

  • Hira Butt Sharif Medical and Dental College
  • Zainab Waheed Kabir Medical College, Peshawar
  • Syeda Maryam Fatima sharif Medical and Dental College
  • Mahnoor Imran Sharif Medical and Dental College
  • Khizer Kaleem Ullah Sharif Medical and Dental College
  • Amna Nauman Khan Sharif Medical and Dental College
  • Nauman Rauf khan Sharif Medical and Dental College

Keywords:

antibiotic prescription, dental practitioners, knowledge, practice

Abstract

Introduction: Dentists rely on antibiotics for the treatment of a wide variety of dental conditions. General dental practitioners prescribe antibioticsinappropriately both therapeutically and prophylactically. There is a dire need for dentists to prescribe antibiotics responsibly.

Material & Methods: A cross sectional descriptive study was conducted on 150 dental practitioners of Sharif Medical and Dental College, SMDC, Lahore using a validated questionnaire. The practices were classified as poor (0-2), bad (3-5) and good (6-8). Knowledge of the participants was classified as poor (0-7), bad (8-14) and good (15-22). SPSS version 23 was used for analysis. Chi square and Fisher exact test were used to find out statistical association between levels of practice and knowledge with antibiotic prescription trends for dental problems.

Results: Majority of the respondents (86.7%) had good knowledge regarding antibiotic prescription while 13.3 % had bad knowledge and 93.3% of the dentists demonstrated good practice of antibiotic prescription while none had poor practices. Majority of the dental practitioners (87.3%) prescribed antibiotics as post-operative prophylaxis. The association between knowledge and antibiotic prescription for fever (p=0.032), localized swelling (p=0.003), diffused swelling (0.0025), Root canal treatment (p=0.027), tooth fracture (p= 0.041), delayed treatment (p=0.026) and acute pulpitis (p=0.057) were found to be significant.

Conclusion: The most common dental problem for which dentists prescribed antibiotics was post-operative prophylaxis followed by diffused oral swelling. Most of the dentists had good knowledge and practices regarding antibiotic prescription.

Author Biographies

Hira Butt, Sharif Medical and Dental College

Demonstrator

oral pathology department 

sharif medical and dental college

Zainab Waheed, Kabir Medical College, Peshawar

Senior lecturer, Department of Psychiatry,

                                                                                          Kabir Medical College, Peshawar

Syeda Maryam Fatima, sharif Medical and Dental College

final year bds student 

sharif medical and dental college lahore

Mahnoor Imran, Sharif Medical and Dental College

final year bds student

sharif medical and dental college lahore

Khizer Kaleem Ullah, Sharif Medical and Dental College

FINAL BDS STUDENTS

SHARIF MEDICAL AND DENTAL COLLEGE LAHORE

Amna Nauman Khan, Sharif Medical and Dental College

PROFESSOR, COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY

SHARIF MEDICAL AND DENTAL COLLEGE LAHORE

Nauman Rauf khan, Sharif Medical and Dental College

Professor

oral pathology department

sharif medical and dental college lahore

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Published

2022-06-30

How to Cite

Butt, H., Waheed, Z. ., Fatima, S. M., Imran, M., Kaleem Ullah, K., Nauman Khan, A., & Rauf khan, N. (2022). KNOWLEDGE AND PRACTICES OF DENTAL PRACTITIONERS REGARDING ANTIBIOTIC PRESCRIPTION. Rehman Journal of Health Sciences, 4(1), 14–19. Retrieved from http://rjhs.pk/index.php/rehman-journal-of-health-science/article/view/125